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IP Vacuum PVD Coating Machine Ion Plating DLC Black Scratch Resistance

IP Vacuum PVD Coating Machine Ion Plating DLC Black Scratch Resistance
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PVD Coating Technology: Combination Of Cathodic Arc Deposition And Magnetron Sputtering
IPG Coating Applications: Watches, Jewelry, Etc. Luxury Metal Accessories
Applied Materials: Titanium Alloy, Stainless Steel, Brass Alloy Etc.
DLC Coating Properties: Scratch Resistance, Exceptional Hardness, Low Coefficient Of Friction, Good Chemical Resistance, Biocompatible, Excellent Aesthetic Appeal,
Training Service: Machine Operation, Maintenance, Coating Process Recipes, New Coating Recipes R&D
PVD Coating Advantages: Environmentally Friendly, Durability, Aesthetic Versatility, And Cost-effectiveness
High Light:

IP vacuum PVD coating machine


DLC black PVD Ion Plating machine


Scratch Resistance PVD Ion Plating machine

Basic Infomation
Place of Origin: SHANGHAI, CHINA
Certification: CE
Model Number: RT-IP1000
Payment & Shipping Terms
Packaging Details: Export standard, to be packed in new cases/cartons, suitable for long-distance ocean/air and inland transportation.
Delivery Time: 12~14 weeks
Payment Terms: L/C, T/T
Supply Ability: 5 sets/month
Product Description

Product Description:

Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Watch Coatings

Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) is a widely used technique to apply protective and decorative coatings and finishes to watches and other surfaces. This cost-effective technique provides enhanced durability, scratch resistance, and aesthetic appeal. There are various PVD coatings for watches available on the market, such as:

1. DLC (Diamond-Like Carbon) Coating – DLC is a highly popular carbon-based coating that is renowned for its exceptional hardness, low friction, and great scratch resistance. It is usually available as a glossy black or matte finish, giving watches a sleek, modern look.


2. Titanium Nitride (TiN) Coating – TiN is a golden-colored PVD coating that provides luxurious appeal to watches. It offers good scratch resistance and is well-compatible with metals like stainless steel. It is often used to create gold-colored watches without the use of real gold.


3. Titanium Carbon Nitride (TiCN) Coating – This is a combination of titanium nitride and DLC that offers a gray or gunmetal color. TiCN coatings have high hardness and excellent wear and corrosion resistance, thus, they are particularly suitable for sporty and rugged watches.


4. Titanium Aluminum Nitride (TiAlN) Coating – This PVD coating includes titanium, aluminum, and nitrogen and provides watches with a gray or black appearance. TiAlN coatings have high hardness and good wear resistance, making them suitable for high-performance and tool watches.


5. Rose Gold PVD Coating – This coating is created using gold, copper, and sometimes silver, resulting in a warm, reddish-gold color. It provides an elegant look to watches.


When deciding on what PVD coating is needed, the watch manufacturer must consider the desired color, style, and performance characteristics. It is important to note that while PVD coatings enhance the durability and scratch resistance of watches, these can still gradually wear off due to extensive use.

IP Vacuum PVD Coating Machine Ion Plating DLC Black Scratch Resistance 0


DLC stands for Diamond-Like Carbon coating. It is a type of thin film coating that exhibits properties similar to natural diamond, such as high hardness, low friction, and chemical resistance. DLC coatings are commonly used in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, cutting tools, medical devices, and electronics.

The DLC coating is typically applied using a process called physical vapor deposition (PVD) or chemical vapor deposition (CVD). In PVD, the DLC material is vaporized in a vacuum chamber, and the vapor then condenses onto the surface of the substrate, forming a thin film. CVD involves the reaction of a carbon-containing gas with the substrate surface to deposit the DLC coating.

The DLC coating provides several benefits depending on the application:

  • Hardness: DLC coatings have exceptional hardness, making them highly resistant to wear and abrasion. This property extends the lifespan of components and reduces the need for frequent replacements.
  • Low friction: DLC coatings exhibit a low coefficient of friction, reducing frictional losses and allowing for smoother movement. This property is advantageous in applications where reduced friction is crucial, such as in engine components or cutting tools.
  • Chemical resistance: DLC coatings have good chemical resistance, protecting the underlying substrate from corrosion and chemical damage.
  • Biocompatibility: DLC coatings are biocompatible, making them suitable for medical devices and implants. They can reduce wear and friction in joint replacements or provide a protective coating on surgical instruments.
  • Aesthetic appeal: DLC coatings can also be used for decorative purposes due to their dark, black color and high-quality finish.

It's worth noting that DLC coatings can vary in terms of their properties, such as hardness, adhesion, and friction coefficient, depending on the specific deposition process and parameters used.

Overall, DLC coatings offer a range of advantages and find applications in various industries where durability, low friction, and chemical resistance are desired, such as Watch components, Jewelry, and luxury metal accessories.


IP Vacuum PVD Coating Machine Ion Plating DLC Black Scratch Resistance 1

IP Vacuum PVD Coating Machine Ion Plating DLC Black Scratch Resistance 2


PVD coatings offer several advantages compared to other types of watch coatings. Here are some key advantages of using PVD coatings:

  • Durability: PVD coatings are highly durable and offer excellent resistance to wear, scratches, and corrosion. The deposition process creates a hard and protective layer on the watch surface, enhancing its longevity and reducing the risk of damage.
  • Aesthetic Options: PVD coatings provide a wide range of color options, allowing watch manufacturers to create various finishes and styles. From black DLC coatings to gold-toned TiN coatings, PVD offers versatility in achieving different aesthetic preferences and can mimic the appearance of precious metals.
  • Uniformity: PVD coatings provide a uniform and consistent layer on the watch surface, ensuring an even distribution of color and protection. This results in a visually pleasing and high-quality finish, enhancing the overall appearance of the watch.
  • Thin Coating Thickness: PVD coatings are typically applied in thin layers, ranging from a few micrometers to tens of micrometers. This allows the watch to maintain its original dimensions and does not significantly affect the weight or functionality of the timepiece.

Environmental Friendliness: PVD coating is a relatively environmentally friendly process compared to other coating techniques. It is a dry process that does not produce harmful byproducts or require the use of harsh chemicals, making it a more sustainable choice.

  • Compatibility with Different Materials: PVD coatings can be applied to a wide range of materials, including stainless steel, titanium, ceramic, and even some plastics. This versatility allows watch manufacturers to apply PVD coatings to various components of the watch, such as cases, bezels, and bracelets, ensuring consistent protection and aesthetics.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: PVD coatings are generally more cost-effective compared to other coating methods, such as electroplating or ion plating. The process is efficient, and the equipment required for PVD deposition is relatively accessible, making it a viable option for both high-end and mid-range watches.

Overall, PVD coatings offer a combination of durability, aesthetic versatility, and cost-effectiveness, making them a popular choice for watch manufacturers. They provide enhanced protection and visual appeal to timepieces, ensuring that they can withstand daily wear and maintain their appearance for an extended period.

Technical Parameters:

Cathodic arc deposition and magnetron sputtering are two common methods used for DLC coating in the PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) process. Here's a breakdown of the differences between the two techniques:

Cathodic Arc Deposition:

  • Process: Cathodic arc deposition involves the use of a high-voltage electric arc that is generated between a carbon-based target and the watch case surface.
  • Target Material: The target material in cathodic arc deposition is typically a carbon-based material, such as graphite or amorphous carbon.
  • Vaporization: The electric arc vaporizes the carbon-based target material, creating a plasma plume consisting of highly ionized carbon species.
  • Deposition: The plasma plume is directed towards the watch case, and the ionized carbon species condense onto the surface, forming the DLC coating.
  • Advantages:
    • High ionization levels create a dense and adherent coating.
    • Allows for high deposition rates, resulting in faster coating processes.
    • Can produce coatings with high hardness and low friction properties.
  • Limitations:
    • Limited control over the composition of the coating.
    • Coating thickness uniformity can be challenging to achieve.
    • The deposition process can generate some heat, which may require careful temperature control.

Magnetron Sputtering:

  • Process: Magnetron sputtering involves the use of low-pressure plasma and magnetic fields to generate a plasma discharge within the deposition chamber.
  • Target Material: The target material can be graphite or another metal target (e.g., titanium or chromium) with a carbon-containing gas introduced into the chamber.
  • Ionization and Deposition: The plasma discharge causes sputtering of metal ions from the target, which are then accelerated towards the watch case surface. Simultaneously, the carbon-containing gas dissociates into carbon ions, which bond with the metal ions on the surface, forming the DLC coating.
  • Advantages:
    • Allows for better control over the composition of the coating.
    • Can achieve good coating thickness uniformity.
    • Offers flexibility in using different target materials for improved coating properties.
  • Limitations:
    • Typically slower deposition rates compared to cathodic arc deposition.
    • Requires careful control of gas flow and pressure to optimize coating quality.
    • Coating hardness and adhesion properties may vary based on process parameters.

Both cathodic arc deposition and magnetron sputtering have their advantages and limitations. The choice of method depends on factors such as the desired coating properties, deposition rate requirements, equipment availability, and the expertise of the coating facility. Watch manufacturers may select the method that best suits their specific needs and quality standards.

Support and Services:

PVD Vacuum Coating Machine Technical Support and Service:

  • 24/7 technical support: We offer 24/7 technical support to answer any questions or concerns you may have about our PVD Vacuum Coating Machines.
  • On-site service: Our on-site service team can help you with installation, maintenance, and troubleshooting.
  • Technical training: Our experts can provide technical training on the use of our PVD Vacuum Coating Machines.
  • Spare parts: We provide a wide selection of spare parts for our PVD Vacuum Coating Machines.
Model RTAS1000 RTAS1250 RTAS1612
Effective Chamber Size Φ1000 x H1000mm Φ1250 x H1250mm Φ1600 x H1250mm
Deposition Sources

Cylinder Arc (steered circular arc for option) + DC Sputtering Cathode +

Linear Ion Source(for option) + MF cylinder sputtering cathodes

Vacuum Pumping System ( Leybold Pumps + Turbo Molecular Pump)


SV300B *1 set (300m³/hr) SV300B* 1 set (300m³/hr) SV300* 2 set (300m³/hr)







TRP48*1 set (48m³/hr) TRP60*1 set (60m³/hr) TRP90*1 set (90m³/hr)

Turbo Molecular Pumps:

1 set (3500L/S)

Turbo Molecular Pumps:

2 sets (3500L/S)

Turbo Molecular Pumps:

3 sets (3500L/S)

Sputtering Power Supply 1*24KW 1*36KW 2*36KW
Arc Power Supply 6*5KW 7*5KW 9*5KW
Bias Power Supply 1*24KW 1*36KW 1*36KW
Planetary Rods 6/8 12/16 20
Ultimate Vacuum 9.0*10-4Pa (empty, clean, room temperature) 9.0*10-4Pa (empty, clean, room temperature) 9.0*10-4Pa (empty, clean, room temperature)
Cycle Time (depends on pump) 40’~50’ depends on the substrate material and coating recipes
Working Power Requirement

3Phase 5 lines


3Phase 5 lines


3Phase 5 lines


Cooling Water Recycle cooling water, industrial water chiller + EDI purified water device
Processing Gas (99.99%) 4 ways 4 ways 4 ways
Footprint (mm) 2000*2000*2500 4000*4500*3200 5500*5000*3200
Total Weight(KGS) 4500 7000 9000
Total Power Consumption(Approx.) 50KW 110KW 150KW
Actual Power Consumption(Approx.) 30KW 60KW 70KW







































The above technical parameters are only for reference, Royal Technology reserves the right for final production based on specified applications. We provide you not only the coating machine but the total coating solutions, and turnkey-project service is available.

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Get in touch with us
Contact Person : ZHOU XIN
Fax : 86-21-67740022
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